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Dubai Homeopathy Health Center,

Villa 756, Al Wasl Road, Jumeirah 3,

Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

+971 4 395 3333

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© 2016 by DUBAI HOMEOPATHY HEALTH CENTER

PHYSIOTHERAPY

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WHAT IS PHYSIOTHERAPY

Physiotherapy or Physical therapy is a branch of rehabilitative medicine aimed at helping patients maintain, recover or improve their physical abilities. 
Physiotherapists work with patients whose movements may be undermined by aging, disease, environmental factors, or sporting hazards.
Physiotherapy also means the treatment of any pain, disease, or injury by physical means. 
A Physioterapist seeks to identify and maximize quality of life and movement potential through prevention, intervention (treatment), promotion, habilitation, and rehabilitation.

Habilitation means making somebody fit or capable of doing something. 

Rehabilitation means making somebody fit or capable of doing something they can no longer do properly or at all, but used to be able to - i.e. restoring an ability or abilities. 

Promotion means the process of enabling people to increase control over and improve their health.

HOW CAN OUR PHYSIOTHERAPIST HELP YOU

Physiotherapists use their training and skills to treat a wide range of physical problems linked to different systems in the body, including:

  • Neuromuscular systems - concerned with both nerves and muscles. Nerves include the brain, spine and nerves throughout the body. Neuromuscular refers to neuromuscular junction - where nerves and muscle fibers meet, and also includes neuromuscular transmission - the transfer of information, impulses, from the nerve to the muscle.

  • Musculoskeletal systems - an organ system that gives us the ability to move using our muscles and bones (muscular and skeletal systems). The musculoskeletal system gives us form, movement and stability. The musculoskeletal system includes our bones, muscles, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, joints, and other connective tissue.

  • Cardiovascular systems - include the heart and the circulatory systems. The circulatory system carries nutrients and oxygen via blood vessels to the tissues of the body and removes waste and carbon dioxide from them.

  • Respiratory systems - include organs that are involved in breathing, such as the lungs, bronchi, trachea, larynx, throat, and nose.

 

In many countries doctors increasingly refer their patients to physiotherapists, which is resulting in more and more patients going straight to the physiotherapist without having first seen a doctor. 


The physiotherapist works autonomously, usually as part of a team with other health care and social care professionals.

100 PHYSIO TIPS
Physiotherapy is a clinical health science

Physiotherapy is not alternative therapy. It is a clinical health science. Physiotherapists study medical science subjects, including anatomyneuroscience and physiology in order to acquire the health education needed for prevention, diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, etc., of patients with physical problems. 

The physiotherapist works in hospitals, GP (general practice, primary care medicine) practices, and the community. In the vast majority of countries a physical therapist must be fully qualified and registered by law. In order to become registered the physical therapist must have graduated with a university degree in physical therapy or a health science university degree that included a physical therapy course. 

A qualified physical therapist is an expert in the examination and treatment of people with cardiothoracic, musculoskeletal and neuromuscular diseases; focusing on conditions and problems that undermine patients' abilities to move and function effectively.

Physiotherapy is based on science

Physiotherapy is science-based, committed to extending, applying, evaluating and reviewing the evidence that underpins and informs its practice and delivery. The exercise of clinical judgment and informed interpretation is at its core.

What are the Early Warning Signs of an Injury

Here are some warning signs that you have an injury. While some injuries are immediately evident, others can creep up slowly and progressively get worse. If you don't pay attention to both types of injuries, chronic problems can develop.

Don't Ignore these Injury Warning Signs

Joint Pain

Joint pain, particularly in the joints of the knee, ankle, elbow and wrist, should never be ignored. Because these joints are not covered by muscle, pain here is rarely of muscular origin. Joint pain that lasts more than 48 hours requires a professional diagnosis.

Tenderness

If you can elicit pain at a specific point in a bone, muscle or joint, by pressing your finger into it, you may have a significant injury. If the same spot on the other side of the body does not produce the same pain, you should probably see your health professional. 

 

Swelling

Nearly all sports or musculoskeletal injuries cause swelling. Swelling is usually quite obvious and can be seen, but occasionally you may just feel as though something is swollen or "full" even though it look normal. Swelling usual goes along with pain, redness and heat. 

Reduced Range of Motion 

If the swelling isn't obvious, you can usually find it by checking for a reduced range of motion in a joint. If there is significant swelling within a joint, you will lose range of motion. Compare one side of the body with the other to identify major differences. If there are any, you probably have an injury that needs attention.

Weakness 

Compare sides for weakness by performing the same task. One way to tell is to lift the same weight with the right and left side and look at the result. Or try to place body weight on one leg and then the other. A difference in your ability to support your weight is another suggestion of an injury that requires attention.

Immediate Injury Treatment: Step-by-Step Guidelines

  • Stop the activity immediately.

  • Wrap the injured part in a compression bandage.

  • Apply ice to the injured part (use a bag of crushed ice or a bag of frozen vegetables).

  • Elevate the injured part to reduce swelling.

  • Consult your health practitioner for a proper diagnosis of any serious injury.

  • Rehabilitate your injury under professional guidance.

  • Seek a second opinion if you are not improving.

HOW TO SIT CORRECTLY
  • Sit up with your back straight and your shoulders back. 

  • Your buttocks should touch the back of your chair.

  • All three normal back curves should be present while sitting. 

  • A small, rolled-up towel or a lumbar roll can be used to help you maintain the normal curves in your back.

Here's how to find a good sitting position when you're not using a back support or lumbar roll:

  • Sit at the end of your chair and slouch completely 

  • Draw yourself up and accentuate the curve of your back as far as possible. 

  • Hold for a few seconds 

  • Release the position slightly (about 10 degrees). This is a good sitting posture.

  • Distribute your body weight evenly on both hips.

  • Bend your knees at a right angle. Do not sit with your knees crossed. Keep your knees even with or slightly higher than your hips.

  • Keep your feet flat on the floor.

  • Try to avoid sitting in the same position for more than 30 minutes.

  • At work, adjust your chair height and workstation so you can sit up close to your work and tilt it up at you. Rest your elbows and arms on your chair or desk, keeping your shoulders relaxed.

  • When sitting in a chair that rolls and pivots, don't twist at the waist while sitting. Instead, turn your whole body.

  • When standing up from the sitting position, move to the front of the seat of your chair. Stand up by straightening your legs. Avoid bending forward at your waist. Immediately stretch your back by doing 10 standing backbends.

  • It is okay to assume other sitting positions for short periods of time, but most of your sitting time should be spent as described above so there is minimal stress on your spine.

What is the Correct Way to Sit While Driving

  • Use a back support (lumbar roll) at the curve of your back. Your knees should be at the same level or higher than your hips.

  • Move the seat close to the steering wheel to support the curve of your back. The seat should be close enough to allow your knees to bend and your feet to reach the pedals.

HOW TO STAND CORRECTLY

Standing with the correct posture not only looks and feels better but it's healthy for your muscles, joints, circulation and self-esteem.

What is Good Posture

  • Posture is the position in which you hold your body.  The most common postures described relate to holding your spine upright against gravity while standing, sitting or lying down. You could also refer to this as your spinal posture, back or neck posture.

  • However, good posture can actually relate to any body part and how you hold it in space.

  • Good posture involves training your body to stand, walk, sit and lie in positions where the least strain is placed on supporting muscles and ligaments during movement or weight-bearing activities. 

Benefits of Good Posture

Good posture: 

  • Prevents fatigue because muscles are being used more efficiently, allowing the body to use less energy.

  • Keeps your bones and joints in the correct alignment so that muscles are being used efficiently and properly.

  • Helps minimalise joint stress.

  • Decreases the stress on the ligaments holding the joints of the spine together.

  • Prevents strain or overuse problems.

  • Prevents backache and muscular pain.

  • Contributes to enhanced confidence and a good appearance!

Standing comfortably with good posture should feel natural and energy efficient. However, we are all creatures of habit and a change of posture may initially feel uncomfortable or tiresome as your joints  realign, ligaments stretch and postural muscles start working. The good news is that if you keep at maintaining a good posture your body will quickly adapt and you'll feel more comfortable and strong in your new normal posture.

Plus... the up side is that not only will you be less likely to suffer pain, you'll look confident andfeel fantastic too!

How to Improve Your Standing Posture:

If we had to give you one tip about great standing posture it would be to "stand tall"! All the muscles that you need to push you taller are the same ones that improve your posture.

  • Stand tall!

  • Hold your head up straight with your chin in. Do not tilt your head forward, backward or sideways.

  • Keep your earlobes in line with the middle of your shoulders.

  • Keep your shoulders back, your knees straight and your back straight.

  • Let arms hang naturally down the sides of the body

  • Lightly draw in your core stomach muscles. Do not tilt your pelvis forward.

  • Avoid locking the knees

  • Ensure your feet arches are in a neutral (not flat) position.

  • Stand with weight mostly on the balls of the feet, not with weight on the heels.

  • Keep feet slightly apart, about shoulder-width

  • If standing for a long period of time, shift weight from one foot to the other, or rock from heels to toes.

How to Quickly Check Your Standing Posture

Stand against a wall with shoulders and bottom touching wall. In this position, the back of the head should also touch the wall - if it does not, the head is carried to far forward (anterior head carriage).

Do You Need Help to Correct Your Posture

If can't comfortably correct your posture, you may have some restriction of joint, ligament or muscular movement. All of these problems can be quickly assessed and quickly improved by your physiotherapist.

If you are having difficulty maintaining a normal upright posture your are likely to have muscle endurance or strength deficitis. Your physiotherapist is an expert in prescribing the right exercises for you in a stage-appropriate manner to help your improve your posture without causing unnecessary pain or injury. CONTACT US NOW!